Dear Colleagues,

On behalf of the European Society of Neuroradiology, I would like to welcome you to the 34th Congress, the 18th Advanced Course and the 2nd Interventional Course.
In the year 2009 it will be 40 years since the 1st ESNR Congress was held in Colmar, France (Presidents: J.P. Braun and A.Wackenheim). During this period of time extraordinary developments have taken place in Neuroradiology. Computed tomography in the 70's and Magnetic resonance in the 80's revolutionized the diagnostic capabilities of Neuroradiology, while new techniques in Interventional Neuroradiology have resulted the effective treatment of brain and spinal diseases which, in the past, were considered to be incurable. Our field continues to grow in the neuroscience community with exciting new technologies both in diagnostics and interventions.

The structure of the meeting is similar to the previous ones. All presentations have been planned for the plenary sessions, refresher courses, state of the art lectures and casebased review sessions. Poster sessions have also been planned. The topic of the 18th Advanced Course is "New insights in white matter disease". In addition to the scientific presentations, a large technical exhibition will take place including the latest developments in radiological equipment and instrumentation.

Besides the technical progress we shall bear in mind the importance of clinical orientation and the contributions of Hippocrates, the Greek physician of the fifth century B.C., who believed that all diseases are due to physical causes and that the physical examination is most important to diagnosis. Thus starting with epilepsy (the "sacred disease"), he demonstrated through scientific means that diseases are not sent by the gods. His observations, innovations and ethics remain valuable in our days.

Throughout the year, many cultural events take place in Athens. To mention just one the New Acropolis Museum is expected to open by early 2009.

I sincerely hope that you will enjoy the scientific part of the meeting, as well as the unique historical environment of this city.

  Athanasios D. Gouliamos
Congress President